German grammar

Personal pronoun.

Personal pronouns:

ich -- I

du – you

er – he

sie – she

es – it

wir – we

ihr – you all

sie – they

Sie – you

The word "sie" has three meanings:
sie - she : sie ist hier - she is here (then the verb is in the third person singular)
sie - they: sie sind hier - they are here (then the verb is in the 3rd person plural)
Sie – you in polite and formal contexts: Sie sind hier – you are here.

Sie written with a capital letter is a polite form. It is used with the 3rd person plural, even when addressing one gentleman or lady: Sie kaufen - can mean you (one person) buy and "you all" buy.
Inflection of personal pronouns is discussed on the next page.

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